The power of critical theory for adult learning and teaching

Cover image for Power of critical theory for adult learning and teaching

When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge this information fully and accurately by:

  • Identifying any sources you have taken information from in the body of your written work in the form of an in-text citation.
  • Providing a detailed list of all the sources you have produced in-text citations for in an alphabetical list at the end of our work, this is known as a reference list.

In-text citations

There are two ways to produce in-text citations.

1. Authors’ name mentioned within body of written work 

If you mention the authors’ name in your written work, there is no need to include their name in your in-text citation, just include the date of publication.

i.e.  Brookfield (2005) makes the point that….

2. Authors’ name NOT mentioned within body of written work

If you don’t mention the authors’ name in your written work then you must include it in your in-text citation.

i.e. Critical theory is central to adult learning (Brookfield, 2005).

Referencing this book

When you have included an in-text citation for information you have used in the writing of your work,  you must include a full reference for that book in a reference list at the end of your work.

The correct reference for this particular book (using the Harvard style) should look like this:

Brookfield, S.D. (2005) The power of critical theory for adult learning and teaching. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

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Teacher professionalism in further and higher education: challenges to culture and practice

Cover image for Teacher professionalim in further and higher education

When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge this information fully and accurately by:

  • Identifying any sources you have taken information from in the body of your written work in the form of an in-text citation.
  • Providing a detailed list of all the sources you have produced in-text citations for in an alphabetical list at the end of our work, this is known as a reference list.

In-text citations

There are two ways to produce in-text citations.

1. Authors’ name mentioned within body of written work 

If you mention the authors’ name in your written work, there is no need to include their name in your in-text citation, just include the date of publication.

i.e.  Robson (2006) makes the point that….

2. Authors’ name NOT mentioned within body of written work

If you don’t mention the authors’ name in your written work then you must include it in your in-text citation.

i.e. FE teachers have usually attained a subject related qualification first (Robson, 2006).

Referencing this book

When you have included an in-text citation for information you have used in the writing of your work,  you must include a full reference for that book in a reference list at the end of your work.

The correct reference for this particular book (using the Harvard style) should look like this:

Robson, J. (2006) Teacher professionalism in further and higher education: challenges to culture and practice. London: Routledge.

Globalization and reform in higher education

book cover

When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge this information fully and accurately by:

  • Identifying any sources you have taken information from in the body of your written work in the form of an in-text citation.
  • Providing a detailed list of all the sources you have produced in-text citations for in an alphabetical list at the end of our work, this is known as a reference list.

In-text citations: edited book

There are two ways to produce in-text citations for an edited book.

1. Author of chapter/Editors’ name mentioned within body of written work 

If you mention the author of a particular chapter or the editors’ name in your written work, there is no need to include their name in your in-text citation, just include the date of publication.

i.e. Taylor (2003) argues that…..

i.e.  Eggins (2003) makes the point that…

2. Author of chapter/Editors’ name NOT mentioned within body of written work

If you don’t mention the author fo the chapter or editors’ name in your written work then you must include it in your in-text citation.

i.e. The recent expansion of higher education is likely to continue (Taylor, 2003)

i.e. Globalization has had a major impact on higher education (Eggins, 2003)

In the above examples, Taylor is the author of a chapter in this book, Eggins is the editor of this book.

Referencing this book

When you have included an in-text citation for information you have used in the writing of your work,  you must include a full reference for that book in a reference list at the end of your work.

The correct reference for this book if you have only cited the editor in your written work should look like this:

Eggins, H. eds. (2003) Globalization and reform in higher education. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

The correct reference for this book if you have cited an author of a chapter in this book in your written work should look like this:

Taylor, W. (2003) ‘Steering change in tertiary education’. In: Eggins, H. (eds) Globalization and reform in higher education. Maidenhead: Open University Press, pp. 11-31.

Professionalism and ethics in teaching

When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge this information fully and accurately by:

  • Identifying any sources you have taken information from in the body of your written work in the form of an in-text citation.
  • Providing a detailed list of all the sources you have produced in-text citations for in an alphabetical list at the end of our work, this is known as a reference list.

In-text citations

There are two ways to produce in-text citations.

1. Authors’ name mentioned within body of written work 

If you mention the authors’ name in your written work, there is no need to include their name in your in-text citation, just include the date of publication.

i.e.  Carr (2000) makes the point that….

2. Authors’ name NOT mentioned within body of written work

If you don’t mention the authors’ name in your written work then you must include it in your in-text citation.

i.e. Educational standards are not without their critics (Carr, 2000).

Referencing this book

When you have included an in-text citation for information you have used in the writing of your work,  you must include a full reference for that book in a reference list at the end of your work.

The correct reference for this particular book (using the Harvard style) should look like this:

Carr, D. (2000) Professionalism and ethics in teaching. London: Routledge.

Teaching in lifelong learning: a guide to theory and practice

When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge this information fully and accurately by:

  • Identifying any sources you have taken information from in the body of your written work in the form of an in-text citation.
  • Providing a detailed list of all the sources you have produced in-text citations for in an alphabetical list at the end of our work, this is known as a reference list.

In-text citations

There are two ways to produce in-text citations.

1. Authors’ name mentioned within body of written work 

If you mention the authors’ name in your written work, there is no need to include their name in your in-text citation, just include the date of publication.

i.e.  Avis et al (2010) makes the point that….

2. Authors’ name NOT mentioned within body of written work

If you don’t mention the authors’ name in your written work then you must include it in your in-text citation.

i.e. Educational standards are not without their critics (Avis et al 2010).

Referencing this book

When you have included an in-text citation for information you have used in the writing of your work,  you must include a full reference for that book in a reference list at the end of your work.

The correct reference for this particular book (using the Harvard style) should look like this:

Avis, J., Fisher, R., and Thompson, R. eds. (2010) Teaching in lifelong learning: a guide to theory and practice. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Ideology and curriculum

When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge this information fully and accurately by:

  • Identifying any sources you have taken information from in the body of your written work in the form of an in-text citation.
  • Providing a detailed list of all the sources you have produced in-text citations for in an alphabetical list at the end of our work, this is known as a reference list.

In-text citations

There are two ways to produce in-text citations.

1. Authors’ name mentioned within body of written work 

If you mention the authors’ name in your written work, there is no need to include their name in your in-text citation, just include the date of publication.

i.e.  Apple (2004) makes the point that….

2. Authors’ name NOT mentioned within body of written work

If you don’t mention the authors’ name in your written work then you must include it in your in-text citation.

i.e. Interpretations of what ideology is differ greatly (Apple, 2004).

Referencing this book

When you have included an in-text citation for information you have used in the writing of your work,  you must include a full reference for that book in a reference list at the end of your work.

The correct reference for this particular book (using the Harvard style) should look like this:

Apple, M.W. (2004) Ideology and curriculum. 3rd ed. London: RoutledgeFalmer

Researching and Writing Dissertations in Business and Management

cover scan

When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge this information fully and accurately by:

  • Identifying any sources you have taken information from in the body of your written work in the form of an in-text citation.
  • Providing a detailed list of all the sources you have produced in-text citations for in an alphabetical list at the end of our work, this is known as a reference list.

In-text citations

There are two ways to produce in-text citations.

1. Authors’ name mentioned within body of written work 

If you mention the authors’ name in your written work, there is no need to include their name in your in-text citation, just include the date of publication.

i.e.  Riley et al (2000) makes the point that….

2. Authors’ name NOT mentioned within body of written work

If you don’t mention the authors’ name in your written work then you must include it in your in-text citation.

i.e. In order to stay motivated throughout the research project it is important to chose the right topic (Riley et al 2000).

Referencing this book

When you have included an in-text citation for information you have used in the writing of your work,  you must include a full reference for that book in a reference list at the end of your work.

The correct reference for this particular book (using the Harvard style) should look like this:

Riley, M., Wood, R.C., Clark, M., Wilkie, E. and Szivas, E. (2011) Researching and Writing Dissertations in Business Management. London: Thomson Learning.

Please note that your reference list must be in alphabetical order of author surnames.

Please take care when producing your reference list and ensure that punctuation, italics etc are used when necessary.